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(The largest Wealden Iron Works)

Name Derivation

General Details

12 miles to the east of Royal Tunbridge Wells on the B2162 stands the village of Horsmonden .

The village was once a thriving part of the Wealden ironworking industry, and its furnace Pond is one of the largest in Kent.

John Broune(Browne) who died in 1641 owned the forge and foundry here, and he and his 200 workers produced guns for the Army and Navy.

During the English Civil War , he provided weapons for both sides in the conflict, some of which were used at the Battle of Yalding Town Bridge in 1643.

A former resident of Horsmonden , Simon Willard, born in the village in 1605, grew up to be Major Willard, the founder of the town of Concorde in Massachusetts. He is commemorated with a framed copy of the page of the register recording his baptism, and a stained glass window in the local church of St Margaret.

The church of St Margaret's lies about 3 miles to the south of the village on the Goudhurst road, and is very secluded and quiet, and surrounded by oast houses. It was built during the 14th century, and was probably the centre of the village until the iron foundry was built in the 1500's.

In 1625, 500 guns were made here for British ships after the outbreak of the Spanish War. In 1638 King Charles I visited the foundry to watch a cannon being cast. It was a 42 inch long, bronze four-pounder, and is now preserved in the Tower of London.

The foundry closed in 1685 when the manufacture of iron moved to the midlands with their coal fired plants.

In 1823 John Read another former resident of Horsmonden demonstrated the first use of his invention, the stomach pump, to the Royal Society.

Horsmonden is claimed to be the first place that the famous hop variety 'Fuggles' was grown. It was found in the garden of one George Stace, in 1861. The strain was developed commercially by Richard Fuggle of Fowle Hall, Brenchley in 1875.

In 1944 a flying bomb struck just north of the church, which destroyed much of the glass. The east and west windows were redesigned and installed in 1946 and 1948.


Horsmonden has a few local services, as befits its size.

The nearest shopping centre is Royal Tunbridge Wells about 12 miles west, or Maidstone about 14 miles to the north.

The nearest trains can be caught at Paddock Wood about 5 miles north west, which has frequent trains from Ashford to London.


A visit to the church which can be found by taking the Lamberhurst road, then turning left towards Goudhurst , is well worth taking.

It is set in the hop fields and has old Oast houses next door, the area is quiet and peaceful.

The village green is quite attractive, and if you take the Brenchley road then bear right, you come to the road on the hill overlooking the Medway valley which is very pretty.

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